Does Karate Have Grappling? 3 Real Examples of Styles


grappling fight

Grappling is a combat sport in hand-to-hand combat. It is used at close range to take advantage of an opponent and submit them to a restricted position. Fighting techniques in karate involving grappling are not common, and that’s because karate predominantly involves kicks and punches.

Karate does have grappling along with other historical and modern techniques like throw, joint locks, restraints, and vital-point strikes. Additionally, it also teaches punching, kicking, knee strikes, elbow strikes, and other open-hands techniques like knife-hands, palm-heel strikes, and spear-hands

Karate has always been a martial art appreciated by many cultures and professions. It includes, but is not limited to, three important and internationally recognized styles: Uechi-Ryu, Gōjū-Ryū, and Shotokan.

#1- Uechi-Ryu karate

This style has been refined and expanded over the years; a man called Kanbun Uechi created this style of karate and named the style after him. 

Though heavily focused on striking methods, the Uechi-Ryū style, which helps the body, mind, and spirit, which in technical terms translates to focus, self-discipline, and inner calm, does have grappling.

The Uechi-Ryu qualifies as one of the unique karate styles because it is realistic. In this style, fighters do not stop at learning to control their body, but they learn perseverance and prepare their body to fight for more extended periods. The conditioning of their fingers and toes allows crippling strikes to penetrate an opponent’s guard more easily. 

To execute this style most efficiently, you would want to;

  • Fuel attacks by diverting them with soft, circular, efficient, and rapid movements. While keeping in mind that all those that practice the Uechi-Ryu style rely on the effectiveness of these soft but swift motions as opposed to the block and counter technique of present-day martial arts. 
  • Spiral your energy towards the target, close, and then strike.
  • Grasp your opponent with your clawed fingers and make them a target for your blows; this enhances the effect of your attacks. To deliver tremendous pressure, apply these techniques through a sharp finger, not blunt fists.

Tip: Techniques to note that require little energy but produce maximum effects 

  • Thumb joint to the vital point in the neck 
  • Fingertip to the eyes
  • Point of significant to the point of groin & solar plexus 

#2- Goju-Ryu karate

In this technique, fighters use closed hand techniques and softer circular and open movements to check and attack the opponent, including grappling. Chojun Miyagi found this style and developed it around 1853. There is a lot of grappling in Goju-Ryu, hooking, and turning; grappling here is usually to trap and snare.

Goju-Ryu most often involves grappling besides other movements. The close-range style of karate includes grappling and also kicking. It utilizes kicks and different punching styles with softer open-hand techniques for attacking, blocking, joint locks, grappling, and throws. 

Many farming tools were, in the past, introduced to Gōjū-Ryu as weapons, which is very much a unique thing as possessing weapons in Traditional Okinawan Karate is prohibited. Having weapons as an integral part of itself makes Gōjū-Ryu unique and extraordinary to martial arts enthusiasts. 

karate

Gōjū-Ryu, Japanese for “hard-soft style,” is suitable for satisfying the need to develop cardio and good strength because its methods include body strengthening and conditioning. It has two core katas, Sanchin and Tensho; the latter teaches students about the soft style of the system.

These are some essential techniques that help in Goju-Ryu karate; 

  • When an opponent grabs your wrist, to free yourself from that grip, twist your hand by lowering your body weight, open your palm and move towards the right, then turn your hand in reverse.
  • When grabbed by the chest, push your opponent’s grip up by lowering your weight and take care to mind their left-hand move while doing this, then spin your body to steer them away.

A psychological subduing technique is swaying your opponent’s attack and pressing them down with your body weight, moving in to ride on them, and then striking. 

#3- Shotokan karate

This karate style is famous for being developed from various martial arts styles. Its founder, Funakoshi, was born in Okinawa, and he gathered many students who continued teaching karate after his death, honoring the karate master who popularized “karate-do.”

Shotokan has grappling along with breaking, sweeping, and throwing, but it relies on devastating kicks and lethal punches.

martial arts

The grappling technique in Shotokan will work for you in dangerous situations in real life, where other methods, like lethal punches, might not work. Shotokan is the most widely practiced karate in the world. It involves powerful long-range techniques.

Shotokan has three learning stages:

  1. The basics
  2. The form or patterns/moves
  3. The sparring 

You must have stability, powerful movements, and toughened legs to deliver the first two. 

Techniques of Shotokan you might find helpful

  • Keep yourself close while you apply the first kick, and then punch twice. 
  • Build on the momentum of your right foot set forward while you apply a punch, punch as your body weight moves 
  • If you are the defender, have your left leg in front and get your body and head close to their right shoulder to render their punch ineffective. 
  • To block and counter, stop with your left, and when your opponent comes in with a right-left hook, differ with your right. Repeat the motion at the same speed with your right hand

Tips on masking your next move from your opponent:

  1. Slide and arch your right forwards leg; this would help the movement of your left to be smooth and graceful 
  2. Relax your knee before you punch or kick  
  3. For a stable stance, your pelvis and hips should be more inward, not arched outward.

What karate styles have grappling?

Karate is not a grappling sport like wrestling, Muay Thai, and Jiu-Jitsu. Still, some karate styles do have limited grappling techniques.

Grappling does not include weapons use, nor does it incorporate strikes. It’s a combative method of struggle and swiftness that often leads to a Karateka’s defeat.

In over 75 styles of karate, the main ones are Goju-Ryu, Shotokan, Wado-Ryu, and Shito-Ryu do have grappling; let’s highlight techniques that involve grappling besides the already mentioned above. 

  • Kyokushin – This style has the most grappling in karate.
  • Shito-Ryu – Shito-Ryu mainly focuses on speed and fluidity during a fight, also involves grappling. 
  • Wado-Ryu – Wado-Ryu style has a Japanese background and involves grappling. 
  • Shorin-Ryu -It focuses on maintaining physical and mental balance and involves some grappling techniques. 
  • Uechi-Ryu – Uechi-Ryu is one of the best karate styles for self-defense.
  • Shotokan karate – Shotokan karate is considered as the original, root style.
  • Goju-Ryu – Goju-Ryu is one of the best karate style for self-defense and self-improvement.

Final words

Grappling gives you an advantage over your opponent and eliminates the risk of getting hit. The grappling technique is present in many other martial arts and would be an added advantage to the attacking and lunging skills you already possess as a karate fighter. 

The grappling techniques can be dated back to the 1980s, and they help you with results with minimal effort and less exertion.  One thing to notice is that no matter the styles this technique is applied to, they have one thing in common: closed ranged strikes and zero high kicks or spin jumping. 

You should consider learning stand-up and ground grappling by incorporating them into your karate routines. If unsure if grappling is a modern/sacrilegious technique in karate, do well to read Funakoshi’s book “Do Karate.” 

If you enjoyed reading this article, I highly recommend following the link to read about Karate’s belt order. Knowing such information is a must—for every martial arts trainee out there!

Levi

I've served in the military as a special forces operator for 4-years. In that period, I've trained in many martial arts, including karate, MMA, BJJ, boxing, and even Krav Maga. I want to share my passion with you, so here it is!

Recent Posts